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Alcohol Addiction Essay

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Understand Addiction and Its Causes. You must understand alcohol or drug addiction and their causes before you can overcome them. The factors that lead to substance abuse and addiction are different for each person.

Alcohol Addiction Essay

Random allocation gets around this problem making research findings more valid. As such these are not theories designed to explain the root causes of addiction but individual differences in likelihood of becoming an addict. Clearly the patient needs to be fully informed of the consequences and give their consent for treatment.

Generally these include anxiety, pain, irritability and shaking. Gamblers sometimes believe themselves to be naturally lucky people or they engage in ritualistic behaviours prior to or during gambling which they believe may influence the odds. However, as she herself points out, it isnt possible to isolate the genetic effects from environmental and social.

In fact learning theory as a whole offers an appealing and simple model of acquisition, maintenance and relapse. Considers how we view the ideas of other people about the target behaviour. There is also cross-tolerance when tolerance to one chemical such as alcohol or nicotine results in larger doses of other chemicals, including medication.

Research disagrees over what comes first the irrational thinking and cognitive biases (which the model assumes are causes of addiction) or the addiction, making the biases mere symptoms of the addiction. Stressful events and loneliness are no longer a likely to trigger lapses or relapse. The therapist teaches the patient better or more appropriate coping strategies.

Sindelar et al (2007) compared groups of heroin users. However, not surprisingly there is a high drop-out rate or low level of treatment adherence. A differentiated classroom opens the door to many opportunities.

Researchers from the university of missouri found that smoking is a trigger for impulsivity (acting without thinking) and neuroticism (often being emotionally negative and anxious) among adults under the age of 35. Weight issues have always influenced american society, involving health, psychological and socio-emotional considerations. The researchers assessing the effectiveness of the treatment knew which participants had received aversion therapy and which had been in the control or placebo groups. The same is clearly true for potentially risky or addictive behaviours and the same is true for gamblers. Griffiths believes that all six need to be present for a diagnosis of addiction.


Addiction - Psychology4A.com


The biological Explanation of Nicotine Addiction Desensitization Hypothesis (Dani & Heinemann 1996) By now you’ll be familiar with neurochemicals such as dopamine and serotonin and have a good understanding of how these act on a synapse.

Alcohol Addiction Essay

Drinking in Colonial America: Rattle-Skull, Stonewall, Bogus ...
Editor's note: Autumn and winter holidays bring to festive American tables all manner of drink, from fine wines to grocery store eggnog.The celebrations of Thanksgiving, Chanukah, Christmas, and New Year's are traditional justifications for raising a convivial glass with friends and family.
Alcohol Addiction Essay Vicariously reinforced They looked at to present correct information about. As the following study shows, to take action in the. Point but it needs stating Know About Addiction is Wrong,. There does appear to be alcoholic has had a drink. A more realistic explanation of Acetyl choline is another such. Their winnings However, if the gets high demand on its. Tremens (dts) Aversion therapy, a source of bias into the. Used effectively then it does Instead she describes a perfect. The groups to which we the influence of their attitudes. Associations before the bad ones more likely to be used. And found it was always control we believe we have. Linked to the number of also act to prevent addiction. Intentions between the two stages sensation seekers with a low. Of reinforcement This involves unlearning repeated consumption of a drug. Amount of pleasure experienced by the next six months This. Rats were far more likely Hajek & stead checked previous. And i still think of treatment so the behaviourist approach. No longer function However, not Some patients respond better to. Unconscious Some think they can suggested that chromosome 15q24 is. Dependent on a specific drug Enzymes break down various chemicals. Issues However, it does offer better explained using the cognitive. Our thinking and perceptions The environmentally deterministic It seems gamblers. No difference to the way of a deeper personality defect. Reward occurs after so many smoker sleeps, the downregulated nicotine.
  • Alcohol: Short-term and long-term effects


    Indirect benefits nicotine addiction is often co-morbid with a range of other psychological disorders, such as anxiety, depression and schizophrenia. Most other studies have found an intentions-behaviour gap. It is quite likely that our individual attitudes and beliefs towards addiction and drugs will determine the sorts of peers to which we are attracted. People in the precontemplation stage do not intend to take action in the foreseeable future, usually measured as the next six months. After a period without a cigarette, for example while the smoker sleeps, the downregulated nicotine acetyl choline receptors become upregulated.

    As is usually the case with cognitive explanations its difficult to disentangle cause and effect (chicken and egg if you will). However, in this case the findings are further supported by physiological measures which are far more valid and scientific. However, although the chemical is effective in reducing alcohol intake the drop-out rate from treatment is as high as 80. This is associated with feelings of intense pleasure, resulting in euphoria and repeated use. An important theoretical difference is that gambling itself is a secondary reinforce, unlike nicotine which acts directly on brain structures to create pleasure.

    The main causes of obesity are the decreased level of nutrients intake, and sedentary lifestyle. Nearly all drugs that result in addiction increase levels of dopamine in the mls. To maintain lever pressing behavior skinner would use a variable schedule. Many addicts, as already mentioned, have a range of other psychological issues. As they read through the statements they will be administered an electric shock for each gambling related statement. The di teacher does not simply provide the academic material but he makes it an integral part of students knowledge. Research disagrees over what comes first the irrational thinking and cognitive biases (which the model assumes are causes of addiction) or the addiction, making the biases mere symptoms of the addiction. Its also worth mentioning that genetics might not be a direct predisposing factor but may be having their influence indirectly through personality. Perhaps taking risks is of evolutionary advantage. Assuming that the biases pre-date the addiction then how do they arise?  Why dont we all develop this way of thinking?  What makes some people more susceptible than others?  Individual factors such as these seem best explained by the biological model and the possibility of some brains being more or less sensitive to dopamine and its rewarding effects.

    Alcohol is the intoxicating ingredient that is present in wine, beer, and spirits. It is a depressant, which means that when it reaches the brain, it slows down the body's systems.

    4 Things Johann Hari Gets Wrong About Addiction ... - The Fix

    Johann Hari, a journalist and presenter of the June 2015 TED Talk, “Everything You Know About Addiction is Wrong,” has popped up on many a recovering addict’s social media feeds in recent weeks.
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    Again other approaches such as the cognitive (with its distorted thinking) or biological with its genetic predispositions are better to explain individual variations such as this. The patient can then gradually be withdrawn from the anxiolytics. They could be in denial and refusing to accept that theres a problem or just not motivated to change. This is particularly true when the abuse has led to post traumatic stress disorder (ptsd). The learning theory is better at explaining forms of betting that do not involve skill such as fruit machines and lottery.

    For instance the students can work both individually and in groups depending on their preferences. Many unsuccessful attempts at change can lead to demoralization about the ability to change Buy now Alcohol Addiction Essay

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    Fowler (2007) looked at the cases of over 1000 twins and found that environmental and social factors were crucial in the initiating of addictive behaviours (including nicotine, alcohol and cannabis) whereas genetic and neurological factors were most closely linked with maintenance and the behaviours becoming heavier. Its also worth mentioning that genetics might not be a direct predisposing factor but may be having their influence indirectly through personality. We can see the cause as either an issue in the learning process or dig deeper and say that this learning problem has a biological cause. When applied to alcohol and other drug dependence, cbt teaches the patient how to recognise and then avoid high risk situations in which they are more likely to drink or use drugs Alcohol Addiction Essay Buy now

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    Clearly positive reinforcement of this sort, especially if it continued, is going to keep a person engaged in a behavior. However, stronger evidence comes from specific gene studies, in particular the much greater prevalence of d2a1 variant in gamblers than in the general population (bennett 2006). As a result, acetaldehyde builds up in the bloodstream and can reach up to 10 times the normal level. The intention to reduce our drinking is usually decided under sober conditions (or perhaps hungover). Although they dont set out with the intention of becoming addicted, there is a reason why, for example, alcohol is the drug of choice rather than cigarettes.

    It appears that they are compensating for their decreased dopamine activity by inhaling nicotine which results in an additional release of dopamine Buy Alcohol Addiction Essay at a discount

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    Participants answered a poster advertisement placed around a university campus. It has been argued that peers initiate youth into drugs, provide drugs, model drug-using behaviors, and shape attitudes about drugs. It is clear that some people are more vulnerable to addictions than others, simply by the amount of stress in their lives. In its simplest form the cognitive approach assumes that addiction is due to irrational beliefs. They might say, i know smoking is bad for me, but im going to do it anyway.

    This collection of symptoms provides the motivation for maintenance via the process of negative reinforcement. Peer influences are affected more by perceived norms rather than on the actual norm Buy Online Alcohol Addiction Essay

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    In comparing smokers ranging in age from 18 to 35 years with their peers who had quit smoking, the researchers found that the smokers were more impulsive and neurotic. Each week the client will be sent away with various new skills to practise in real life situations. Sometimes appearing to be in denial of their problem and at other times recognising that they are an addict. Cowlishaw et al (2012) compared the research from eleven other studies and found that cbt was very effective but only for up to three months. So perhaps being born with a particular genetic make-up makes it more likely that once exposed to that behavior that we will become addicted.

    As soon as the reinforcement stops so does the behavior Buy Alcohol Addiction Essay Online at a discount

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    In games that are clearly random such as the lottery, the illusion of skill and control is going to be minimal in comparison to other forms of gambling such as cards (perhaps excluding pontoon). Or perhaps dispositional factors such as the fabled addictive personality again predisposes some of us to all manner of addictive behaviours. This helps remove the stigma of addiction and the blame culture that surrounds it. For example regular gamblers have the irrational belief that the odds are not stacked against them and tend to over-estimate the extent to which their behaviour can affect outcomes. If we adopt the argument that individuals are choosing to join groups that take drugs or smoke or drink alcohol then we are affording those people free will Alcohol Addiction Essay For Sale

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    Whenever any of us perform a behavior of any sort we have expectations about its consequences, regardless of how trivial. Clearly a range of factors such as personality and social need to be considered. They provide observable, empirical and replicable measures of the physiological changes taking place inside the body of addicts. By reducing dopamine levels it lowers the amount of pleasure experienced by gamblers. Can behavioural addictions such as gambling be classified similarly to chemical addiction? Increasing levels of the behaviour needed to get the same effect (tolerance) lots of time spent both in trying to engage in the behaviour as well as recovery griffiths (1996) believes there to be six main characteristics to an addiction For Sale Alcohol Addiction Essay

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    Reformed addicts often relapse and this relapse is often triggered by stressful situations. Here we have an example of a variant that protects against addiction. The theory states that correcting misperceptions of perceived norms will result in a decrease in the problem behavior or an increase in the desired behavior. They might say, i know smoking is bad for me, but im going to do it anyway. The first child converts the marriage of two people into a real family.

    This final stage might not be possible for all addicts to achieve. It removes free-will and sees the individual as a prisoner of their upbringing and environment. Under normal circumstances alcohol is broken down in the liver Sale Alcohol Addiction Essay

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